Wondering about growing hydroponic peppers indoors?
It’s definitely a popular option for many chile growers. You might choose this option if don’t have outdoor space or want an option for growing inside.
Likewise, there are many benefits to this type of growing.
This article is a brief overview of what hydroponics is. This way, you can see if this is something you might want to try as an indoor gardener.
Hydroponic nutrient employs only liquid vitamin solutions for growing plants instead of soil.
This method greatly benefits chile peppers since the growth rate of these pepper plants increases.
It’s actually a common misconception that all plants require soil for growing. The soil, in reality, acts only as a reservoir of nutrients.
Watering the plant dissolves all the nutrients so that the plant can absorb them.
In the hydroponic method, soil is not used and the roots of the plants are just suspended in liquid nutrient solutions or mixtures containing gravel and rockwool.
In all cases, the containers are kept sealed except for a tiny hole to insert the plant stem. This prevents the so growth of algae due to light falling on the roots.
Benefits of Growing Hydroponic Peppers
By adapting the hydroponics technique, you enable plants to achieve a higher growth rate and yield more fruits as compared to traditional methods of planting.
Hydroponics is also an ideal method when growing pepper plants outdoors is not the preferred option.
Other advantages of hydroponics include:
- More plants can be grown per foot as compared to conventional methods.
- It makes best use of moisture and nutrients and thus is more efficient than traditional methods.
- There is no problem in dealing with weeds. There is no worry of crops getting infected by soil borne disease.
- It is often more economic than conventional gardening.
A lot of growers find this to be a fun, do-it-yourself project.
Hydroponic Growing Techniques
Here are the basics of just some of the growing techniques used in hydroponics.
Static Solution Hydroponics
In this method, containers filled with static nutrient solution are used for growing plants.
The solution is gently aerated with air pumps so that the roots get oxygen and stagnation is prevented.
As with aquariums, in this case the solution is changed at least once a week. Basically, it’s adjusted so that a beneficial concentration of nutrients is maintained.
Continuous Flow Hydroponics
This method is more advanced than static solutions and is used in larger setups involving several plants.
In this type, the solution is pumped continuously around the plant roots.
The systems are also equipped with automated sampling and nutrient level adjustments.
Nutrient Film Technique
The Nutrient Film Technique is the most common of continuous flow type growing techniques.
Here the plants roots are positioned in sealed narrow gully through which a shallow film of water is flowing.
Such an approach supports a thick root system and also allows roots to access oxygen from above the water stream.
This makes it the most efficient hydroponic nutrient method. However, the system can be delicate, causing starvation and death of plants on account of reduction of flow.
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