113 Types of Pepper Plants That Will Make You Want to Grow Today

There are endless types of peppers that you can grow. As chile growers, it’s a lot of fun to add new pepper varieties to your grow list each year. Here are 113 types of pepper plants organized by color, heat level and growth habit.

types of peppers

Besides flavor and heat level, you can choose pepper varieties by color and size of the plant. Create a unique ornamental border with a few compact varieties, or grow colorful pepper varieties like the purple Jalapeno for something unconventional.

I hope this post helps you discover new types of peppers so that you can grow a truly custom garden.

The following sections contain just a sampling of pepper varieties in each category.

(By the way, you can also see some popular types of peppers for cooking in case that interests you too.)

​Types Of Peppers By Color

Chile plants come in many vibrant colors. For example, they can be purple, bright orange, brown, multicolored and even blue.

(Of course, there’s green and red too. I want to offer some of the less common chillies here.)

This list doesn’t include every possible variety, but it will give you a good idea of what’s out there.

Brown Peppers

  • Chocolate Habanero (Congo Black)
  • Bhut Jolokia Chocolate
  • Trinidad Douglah
  • Trinidad Congo Brown
  • Trinidad 7 Pod Brown
  • Aji Panca (Aji Brown)
  • Black Naga
  • Chocolate Scotch Bonnet
  • Miniature Chocolate
  • Aji Brown
  • Chilhuacle Negro
  • Chile Pasilla
chocolate habanero peppers
Chocolate Habanero Peppers

Black Peppers

  • Black Hungarian
  • Royal Black
  • Black Jalapeno
  • Black Pearl
  • Black Scorpion Tongue
  • Little Nubian

Purple Peppers

jalapeno pepper, purple jalapenos
Purple Jalapenos

Yellow Peppers

  • Yellow 7 Pot
  • Yellow Jalapeno Pepper (Jaloro)
  • Lemon Drop
  • Aji Pineapple
  • Trinidad Perfume
  • Fatalii
  • Yellow Rocoto (Manzano)
  • Scotch Bonnet Yellow
  • Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Yellow
  • Bhut Jolokia Yellow
  • Trinidad Congo Yellow
  • Trinidad Morovas
  • Trinidad Scorpion Yellow
  • Yellow Devil’s Tongue
  • Big Sun (Yellow Sun) Habanero
  • Golden Cayenne
  • Peter Pepper Yellow
fatalii pepper
Fatalii Pepper

White Peppers

  • Yucatán White Habanero
  • Peruvian White Lightening
  • White Bhut Jolokia
  • Giant White Habanero

Blue Peppers

  • Filius Blue

Multicolor Peppers

  • NuMex Twilight
  • Jalapeno Piñata
  • Aji Omnicolor
  • Hot Fish
  • Chinese Five Color
  • Marbles
New Mexico Twilight Peppers
NuMex Twilight Peppers

Side note… If you’d like help growing your own pepper plants, be sure to check out The Pepper Seed Starting Guide. This ebook contains all the steps for starting pepper seeds indoors and growing them into healthy, outdoor-ready plants.

​Types Of Peppers By Heat Level

Do you have a tolerance for heat or not so much? Fortunately, peppers come in a vast range of spice levels.

Some chillies are sweet with zero heat. Others, can require a gas mask and good ventilation when preparing them. (I’m not kidding about the gas mask!)

Below is a sampling of medium hot peppers. You’ll also find different types of hot pepper plants, from hot to super hot varieties.

Mild Peppers

Holy Mole Hybrid Pepper
Holy Mole Hybrid (Pasilla Type) Pepper

Types Of Hot Pepper Plants

These are some of the most popular types of hot peppers to grow. This list of hot peppers is broken into two groups of heat levels, from Serrano level all the way to chilies that are 1 million or more Scoville Heat Units (SHU).

» Related: Where to Buy Super Hot Pepper Seeds

Hot Peppers

  • African Devil
  • Habanero
  • Serrano
  • Aji Lemon Drop
  • Fresno
  • Puya
  • Santaka
  • Charleston Hot
  • Jamaican Hot
  • Scotch Bonnet
  • Fatalii
  • Caribbean Red
  • Beni Highlands
  • Bonda Ma Jacques
  • Brown Rocoto
  • Bulgarian Apple
  • Chicken Heart
  • Ecuadorian Hot
  • Goats Weed
  • Hinkle Hatz
  • ​Hot Fish
Hot Fish Pepper
Hot Fish Pepper

Super Hot Peppers

» Related: Top 10 Hottest Peppers Ranked by Scoville

trinidad moruga scorpion peppers
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Peppers

​Types Of Pepper Plants By Size

Choosing pepper varieties by growth habit helps you plan out your space.

Many hot pepper plants typically grow between 2 to 4 feet tall, depending on variety.

When plants are 2 feet or smaller, they make the “compact” category. Varieties labeled “tall” grow 4 feet and higher.

The Black Pearl and Medusa, are good examples of compact-size plants.

If you grow tall varieties, you’ll need plant supports such as a plant stakes or tomato cages.

Compact Pepper Plants

  • Black Pearl
  • Filius Blue
  • NuMex Twilight
  • White Habanero
  • Marbles
  • Royal Black
  • Aji Omnicolor
  • Chinese Giant
  • Pequin Pepper
  • Little Nubian
  • Medusa’s Head
  • Miniature Chocolate
  • Abbraccio
Black Pearl Peppers are some of the most compact types of pepper plants
Black Pearl Peppers

Tall Pepper Plants

  • Brazilian Starfish
  • Habanero Tree (Habanero de Arbol)
  • Giant Marconi Red
  • Bishop’s Crown (Christmas Bell)
  • Rain Forest
  • Aji Amarillo
Brazilian Starfish Peppers are one of the taller types of pepper plants
Brazilian Starfish Peppers

grow tips

It can be hard to find a lot of these specialty pepper seeds in big box stores. Be sure to check out this Pepper Seed Sellers List page for all kinds of seeds.

As you can see, the types of pepper plants you can grow is limitless! Be sure to check out my ultimate guide to growing peppers if you need help starting your chile garden.

Related Posts

And for those of you looking for complete, how-to steps on all indoor growing phases, from ​germinating your seeds to growing them to the point ​where they can safely go outside… Make sure to check out the updated and expanded Pepper Seed Starting Guide. I personally use this resource to ​start my abundant pepper garden each season, and I’m always here to answer questions!

Photo of author


Jenny is the creator of Grow Hot Peppers. She is a self-taught gardener and has been growing peppers and a plethora of veggies for over 10 years. When she’s not writing or gardening, she loves eating spicy foods, hiking, and going to the ocean.